The theory of matter in Indian physics
This paper is the second in series of the Indian physics of the Nyaya-Vaisheshika school. It may be read in conjunction with the first paper , where its concept of matter as vibratory atoms in combination was introduced; this concept is discussed in greater detail in this paper. It is significant that the school defines matter not in terms of something gross that is anchored to the commonsensical notion of an object, but rather in terms of something that has attributes associated with it. Matter, or padartha, is whatever is knowable within the overarching complex of space and time, each of which is taken to be continuous and infinite. The significant concepts discussed here include how to localize an object, and that of nothingness, that is, vacuum.