The theory of chemical combination in ancient Indian Philosophies
The atomic nature of matter, and the union and collocation of the atoms to form larger aggregates of molecules, both homogeneous and heterogeneous, constituted the basic and fundamental postulates guiding the Indian thought in their attempt to find out a rational explanation of the nature of the universe and of cosmic evolution. Science, in the strictest sense, can never be dissociated from philosophy, and is in fact a branch of the latter and known as natural philosophy. This is best expressed in Secl's1 words: `Philosophy in its rise and development is necessarily governed by the body of positive (scientific) knowledge preceding or accompanying it.' The present paper is an attempt to make an analysis of the views of the early Indian philosophers regarding atoms and their combination in context of the modern scientific knowledge and in comparison with those of the contemporary Greeks.
Indian Journal of History of Science, Vol. 1, no. 1 (1966).