Origin and tradition of alchemy
The paper presents a comparative account of the `Origin and Tradition of Alchemy' in different countries with particular reference to India. It is shown that alchemy had an independent origin in Alexandria, China and India, though there must have been an exchange of ideas among these countries in course of time. The Arabian alchemy, though basically Greek in origin, was also influenced in certain aspects by the ideas derived from the Chinese and Indian traditions in this field. Alchemy in India had a continuous evolutionary growth starting from the early Vedic Age down to the end of the sixteenth century. Indian alchemy was, however, tinged and urged by spiritual aspirations, transmutation or gold-making being a later phase of its development during the Tāntric period.
Indian Journal of History of Science, Vol. 2, no. 1 (1968).