Concept of the structure of space-time ( A comparative estimate between the western and the vedic view)
The theory of space and time is an integral part of the science of cosmology and the wide differences in the theories of space and time, observed from time to time and from one culture to another culture, correspond to the wide differences in cosmogonic theories. From the Ṛgvedic hymn of creation to the most recent speculations of great scientists like Einstein and Hoyle, there stretched a long fascinating record of attempts at a solution of this ageless problem. The paper discusses the four main stages in the development of cosmogonic theory in the West, particularly with reference to the mechanical and structural contents.
The universe, according to the Ṛgvedic seer-poets, is the actualized body of Supreme Imagination. The conception of the cosmos as the outcome of the juxtaposition of the infinite and the finite is clearly brought out in the Vedic passages. The co-presence of the infinite and the finite is described as ṛtam or cosmic order and satyam or Ultimate Reality. This Reality is itself space, time and circumstance. The original status of Reality is spaceless and timeless. Space is Reality in its self-extended status, and time the same Reality in self-extended movement. The two are the dual aspects of the same activity of self-extension.
From this standpoint, the paper discusses among others the Vedic concepts concerning the solar symbol, cosmic wheel, cosmic tree and lotus in their spatial as well as temporal aspects.
Indian Journal of History of Science, Vol. 5, no. 2 ( 1970).