Chemical research in India during Nineteenth century
From the very beginning the chemical research in India was carried out in the interest of British industrial and finance capital. This link has been elucidated.
On examining the literature it was found that the total number of research papers on chemistry published in British India was not only small but there was neither any coordination nor any schooling among the research chemists except at the fag end of the century when a nationalistic school appeared. The research was need-based. result-oriented and commercial in nature. The research papers were mainly on the chemical analysis of minerals. water. medicinal plants and its products chemistry of dyes and soil. The campaign to resort to the Āyurvedic system of medicine resulted in a number of publications relating to the medicinal properties of plants.
The status and the quality of the chemical research in India have been discussed and their relation with the then educational. socio-economic and political state of India explained.
Indian Journal of History of Science, Vol. 24, no. 4 (1989), 318–328.